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The Formation of a National Governme14

The Formation of a National Governme14 - amendments...

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The Formation of a National Government Leaders crafted constitutional, legal basis for young nation Antipathy toward a strong central government was only one concern among those  opposed to the Constitution; of equal concern to many was the fear that the Constitution  did not protect individual rights and freedoms sufficiently.  Virginian George Mason,  author of Virginia's Declaration of Rights of 1776, was one of three delegates to the  Constitutional Convention who had refused to sign the final document because it did not  enumerate individual rights. Together with Patrick Henry, he campaigned vigorously  against ratification of the Constitution by Virginia. Indeed, five states, including  Massachusetts, ratified the Constitution on the condition that such amendments be  added immediately. When the first Congress convened in New York City in September 1789, the calls for 
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Unformatted text preview: amendments protecting individual rights were virtually unanimous. Congress quickly adopted 12 such amendments; by December 1791, enough states had ratified 10 amendments to make them part of the Constitution. Collectively, they are known as the Bill of Rights. Among their provisions: freedom of speech, press, religion, and the right to assemble peacefully, protest, and demand changes (First Amendment); protection against unreasonable searches, seizures of property, and arrest (Fourth Amendment); due process of law in all criminal cases (Fifth Amendment); right to a fair and speedy trial (Sixth Amendment); protection against cruel and unusual punishment (Eighth Amendment); and provision that the people retain additional rights not listed in the Constitution (Ninth Amendment)....
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