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The Formation of a National Governme15

The Formation of a National Governme15 - the powers of the...

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The Formation of a National Government Leaders crafted constitutional, legal basis for young nation Differing views on these questions brought into exis tence two parties, the Federalists, who favored a strong central government, and the  Antifederalists, who preferred a loose association of separate states.  Impassioned  arguments on both sides were voiced by the press, the legislatures, and the state  conventions. In Virginia, the Antifederalists attacked the proposed new government by challenging  the opening phrase of the Constitution: "We the People of the United States." Without  using the individual state names in the Constitution, the delegates argued, the states  would not retain their separate rights or powers.  Virginia Antifederalists were led by  Patrick Henry, who became the chief spokesman for back-country farmers who feared 
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Unformatted text preview: the powers of the new central government. Wavering delegates were persuaded by a proposal that the Virginia convention recommend a bill of rights, and Antifederalists joined with the Federalists to ratify the Constitution on June 25. In New York, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison pushed for the ratification of the Constitution in a series of essays known as The Federalist Papers . The essays, published in New York newspapers, provided a now-classic argument for a central federal government, with separate executive, legislative, and judicial branches that checked and balanced one another. With The Federalist Papers influencing the New York delegates, the Constitution was ratified on July 26....
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