The Formation of a National Governme13

The Formation of a National Governme13 - machinery and...

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The Formation of a National Government Leaders crafted constitutional, legal basis for young nation PRESIDENT WASHINGTON One of the last acts of the Congress of the Confederation was to arrange for the first  presidential election, setting March 4, 1789, as the date that the new government would  come into being. One name was on everyone's lips for the new chief of state – George  Washington.  He was unanimously chosen president and took the oath of office at his  inauguration on April 30, 1789. In words spoken by every president since, Washington  pledged to execute the duties of the presidency faithfully and, to the best of his ability, to  "preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States." When Washington took office, the new Constitution enjoyed neither tradition nor the full  backing of organized public opinion.  The new government had to create its own 
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Unformatted text preview: machinery and legislate a system of taxation that would support it. Until a judiciary could be established, laws could not be enforced. The army was small. The navy had ceased to exist. Congress quickly created the departments of State and Treasury, with Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton as their respective secretaries. Departments of War and Justice were also created. Since Washington preferred to make decisions only after consulting those men whose judgment he valued, the American presidential Cabinet came into existence, consisting of the heads of all the departments that Congress might create. Simultaneously, Congress provided for a federal judiciary – a Supreme Court, with one chief justice and five associate justices, three circuit courts, and 13 district courts....
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  • Fall '10
  • new government, American presidential Cabinet, young nation PRESIDENT, respective secretaries.   Departments

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