The Formation of a National Governmen2

The Formation of a National Governmen2 - their service....

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The Formation of a National Government Leaders crafted constitutional, legal basis for young nation The United States obtained the "Louisiana Purchase" for $15 million in 1803.  It  contained more than 2,600,000 square kilometers as well as the port of New Orleans.  The nation had gained a sweep of rich plains, mountains, forests, and river systems that  within 80 years would become its heartland – and a breadbasket for the world. As Jefferson began his second term in 1805, he declared American neutrality in the  struggle  between Great Britain and France. Although both sides sought to restrict neutral  shipping to the other, British control of the seas made its interdiction and seizure much  more serious than any actions by Napoleonic France. British naval commanders  routinely searched American ships, seized vessels and cargoes, and took off sailors  believed to be British subjects. They also frequently impressed American seamen into 
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Unformatted text preview: their service. When Jefferson issued a proclamation ordering British warships to leave U.S. territorial waters, the British reacted by impressing more sailors. Jefferson then decided to rely on economic pressure; in December 1807 Congress passed the Embargo Act, forbidding all foreign commerce. Ironically, the law required strong police authority that vastly increased the powers of the national government. Economically, it was disastrous. In a single year American exports fell to one-fifth of their former volume. Shipping interests were almost ruined by the measure; discontent rose in New England and New York. Agricultural interests suffered heavily also. Prices dropped drastically when the Southern and Western farmers could not export their surplus grain, cotton, meat, and tobacco...
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course AMH AMH2010 taught by Professor Pietrzak during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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