The Colonial Peri15

The Colonial Peri15 - occasionally moved from one colony to...

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The Colonial Period Culture and society in the 13 British colonies NEW PEOPLES Most settlers who came to America in the 17th century were English, but there were also  Dutch, Swedes, and Germans in the middle region, a few French Huguenots in South  Carolina and elsewhere, slaves from Africa, primarily in the South, and a scattering of  Spaniards, Italians, and Portuguese throughout the colonies.  After 1680 England  ceased to be the chief source of immigration, supplanted by Scots and “Scots-Irish”  (Protestants from Northern Ireland).  In addition, tens of thousands of refugees fled  northwestern Europe to escape war, oppression, and absentee-landlordism.  By 1690  the American population had risen to a quarter of a million. From then on, it doubled  every 25 years until, in 1775, it numbered more than 2.5 million.  Although families 
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Unformatted text preview: occasionally moved from one colony to another, distinctions between individual colonies were marked. They were even more so among the three regional groupings of colonies. NEW ENGLAND The northeastern New England colonies had generally thin, stony soil, relatively little level land, and long winters, making it difficult to make a living from farming. Turning to other pursuits, the New Englanders harnessed waterpower and established grain mills and sawmills. Good stands of timber encouraged shipbuilding. Excellent harbors promoted trade, and the sea became a source of great wealth. In Massachusetts, the cod industry alone quickly furnished a basis for prosperity....
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