The Colonial Perio8

The Colonial Perio8 - By 1745 there were 22 newspapers...

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The Colonial Period Culture and society in the 13 British colonies The desire for learning did not stop at the borders of established communities, however.  On the frontier, the ScotsIrish, though living in primitive cabins, were firm devotees of  scholarship, and they made great efforts to attract learned ministers to their settlements. Literary production in the colonies was largely confined to New England. Here attention  concentrated on religious subjects. Sermons were the most common products of the  press. A famous Puritan minister, the Reverend Cotton Mather, wrote some 400 works.  His masterpiece,  Magnalia Christi Americana , presented the pageant of New England's  history.  The most popular single work of the day was the Reverend Michael  Wigglesworth's long poem, "The Day of Doom," which described the Last Judgment in  terrifying terms. In 1704 Cambridge, Massachusetts, launched the colonies' first successful newspaper. 
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Unformatted text preview: By 1745 there were 22 newspapers being published in British North America. In New York, an important step in establishing the principle of freedom of the press took place with the case of John Peter Zenger, whose New York Weekly Journal, begun in 1733, represented the opposition to the government. After two years of publication, the colonial governor could no longer tolerate Zenger's satirical barbs, and had him thrown into prison on a charge of seditious libel. Zenger continued to edit his paper from jail during his nine-month trial, which excited intense interest throughout the colonies. Andrew Hamilton, the prominent lawyer who defended Zenger, argued that the charges printed by Zenger were true and hence not libelous. The jury returned a verdict of not guilty, and Zenger went free...
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