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The Colonial Perio3

The Colonial Perio3 - charter Massachusetts and Plymouth...

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The Colonial Period Culture and society in the 13 British colonies Yet the assumption of self-government in the colonies did not go entirely unchallenged.  In the 1670s, the Lords of Trade and Plantations, a royal committee established to  enforce the mercantile system in the colonies, moved to annul the Massachusetts Bay  charter because the colony was resisting the government's economic policy. James II in  1685 approved a proposal to create a Dominion of New England and place colonies  south through New Jersey under its jurisdiction, thereby tightening the Crown's control  over the whole region. A royal governor, Sir Edmund Andros, levied taxes by executive  order, implemented a number of other harsh measures, and jailed those who resisted. When news of the Glorious Revolution (1688-1689), which deposed James II in  England, reached Boston, the population rebelled and imprisoned Andros. Under a new 
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Unformatted text preview: charter, Massachusetts and Plymouth were united for the first time in 1691 as the royal colony of Massachusetts Bay. The other New England colonies quickly reinstalled their previous governments. The English Bill of Rights and the Toleration Act of 1689 affirmed freedom of worship for Christians in the colonies as well as in England and enforced limits on the Crown. Equally important, John Locke's Second Treatise on Government (1690), the Glorious Revolution’s major theoretical justification, set forth a theory of government based not on divine right but on contract. It contended that the people, endowed with natural rights of life, liberty, and property, had the right to rebel when governments violated their rights....
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