The Road to Independen20

The Road to Independen20 - Indians The colonies on the...

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The Road to Independence Rebellion that made a  new  nation Throughout the 18th century, the maturing British North American colonies inevitably  forged a distinct identity.  They grew vastly in economic strength and cultural attainment;  virtually all had long years of self-government behind them. In the 1760s their combined  population exceeded 1,500,000 – a six-fold increase since 1700. Nonetheless, England  and America did not begin an overt parting of the ways until 1763, more than a century  and a half after the founding of th e first permanent settlement at Jamestown, Virginia. A NEW COLONIAL SYSTEM In the aftermath of the French and Indian War, London saw a need for a new imperial  design that would involve more centralized control, spread the  costs  of empire more  equitably, and speak to the interests of both French Canadians and North American 
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Unformatted text preview: Indians. The colonies, on the other hand, long accustomed to a large measure of independence, expected more, not less, freedom. And, with the French menace eliminated, they felt far less need for a strong British presence. A scarcely comprehending Crown and Parliament on the other side of the Atlantic found itself contending with colonists trained in selfgovernment and impatient with interference. The organization of Canada and of the Ohio Valley necessitated policies that would not alienate the French and Indian inhabitants. Here London was in fundamental conflict with the interests of the colonies. Fast increasing in population, and needing more land for settlement, they claimed the right to extend their boundaries as far west as the Mississippi River....
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