The Road to Independenc3

The Road to Independenc3 - Americans under Burgoyne's...

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The Road to Independence Rebellion that made a  new  nation In September 1777, however, Howe defeated the American army at Brandywine in  Pennsylvania and occupied Philadelphia, forcing the Continental Congress to flee.  Washington had to endure the bitterly cold winter of 17771778 at Valley Forge,  Pennsylvania, lacking adequate food, clothing, and supplies.  Farmers and merchants  exchanged their goods for British gold and silver rather than for dubious paper money  issued by the Continental Congress and the states. Valley Forge was the lowest ebb for Washington's Continental Army, but elsewhere 1777  proved to be the turning point in the war. British General John Burgoyne, moving south  from Canada, attempted to invade New York and New England via Lake Champlain and  the Hudson River.  He had too much heavy equipment to negotiate the wooded and  marshy terrain. On August 6, at Oriskany, New York, a band of Loyalists and Native 
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Unformatted text preview: Americans under Burgoyne's command ran into a mobile and seasoned American force that managed to halt their advance. A few days later at Bennington, Vermont, more of Burgoyne's forces, seeking much-needed supplies, were pushed back by American troops. Moving to the west side of the Hudson River, Burgoyne's army advanced on Albany. The Americans were waiting for him. Led by Benedict Arnold who would later betray the Americans at West Point, New York the colonials twice repulsed the British. Having by this time incurred heavy losses, Burgoyne fell back to Saratoga, New York, where a vastly superior American force under General Horatio Gates surrounded the British troops. On October 17, 1777, Burgoyne surrendered his entire army six generals, 300 other officers, and 5,500 enlisted personnel....
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course AMH AMH2010 taught by Professor Pietrzak during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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