The Road to Independenc6

The Road to Independenc6 - repulsed the British by the end...

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The Road to Independence Rebellion that made a  new  nation Britain had expected the Southern colonies to remain loyal, in part because of their  reliance on slavery. Many in the Southern colonies feared that a rebellion against the  mother country would also trigger a slave uprising.  In November 1775, Lord Dunmore,  the governor of Virginia, tried to capitalize on that fear by offering freedom to all slaves  who would fight for the British.  Instead, his proclamation d rove to the rebel side many Virginians who would otherwise have remained Loyalist. The governor of North Carolina, Josiah Martin, also urged North Carolinians to remain  loyal to the Crown. When 1,500 men answered Martin's call, they were defeated by  revolutionary armies before British troops could arrive to help. British warships continued down the coast to Charleston, South Carolina, and opened  fire on the city in early June 1776. But South Carolinians had time to prepare, and 
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Unformatted text preview: repulsed the British by the end of the month. They would not return South for more than two years. COMMON SENSE AND INDEPENDENCE In January 1776, Thomas Paine, a radical political theorist and writer who had come to America from England in 1774, published a 50-page pamphlet, Common Sense . Within three months, it sold 100,000 copies. Paine attacked the idea of a hereditary monarchy, declaring that one honest man was worth more to society than "all the crowned ruffians that ever lived." He presented the alternatives – continued submission to a tyrannical king and an outworn government, or liberty and happiness as a self-sufficient, independent republic. Circulated throughout the colonies, Common Sense helped to crystallize a decision for separation....
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