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Arrival of Native Americans and Europea18

Arrival of Native Americans and Europea18 - known as...

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Arrival of Native Americans and Europeans By 3,000 B.C., a primitive type of corn was being grown in the river valleys of New  Mexico and Arizona. Then the first signs of irrigation began to appear, and, by 300 B.C.,  signs of early village life. By the first centuries A.D., the Hohokam were living in settlements near what is now  Phoenix, Arizona, where they built ball courts and pyramid – like mounds reminiscent of  those found in Mexico, as well as a canal and irrigation system. MOUND BUILDERS AND PUEBLOS The first Native-American group to build mounds in what is now the United States often  are called the Adenans. They began constructing earthen burial sites and fortifications  around 600 B.C. Some mounds from that era are in the shape of birds or serpents; they  probably served religious purposes not yet fully understood. The Adenans appear to have been absorbed or displaced by various groups collectively 
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Unformatted text preview: known as Hopewellians. One of the most important centers of their culture was found in southern Ohio, where the remains of several thousand of these mounds still can be seen. Believed to be great traders, the Hopewellians used and exchanged tools and materials across a wide region of hundreds of kilometers. By around 500 A.D., the Hopewellians disappeared, too, gradually giving way to a broad group of tribes generally known as the Mississippians or Temple Mound culture. One city, Cahokia, near Collinsville , Illinois, is thought to have had a population of about 20,000 at its peak in the early 12th century. At the center of the city stood a huge earthen mound, flattened at the top, that was 30 meters high and 37 hectares at the base. Eighty other mounds have been found nearby....
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  • Fall '10
  • PIETRZAK
  • earthen burial sites, mounds, early village life, Temple Mound culture., early 12th century., B.C. Some mounds

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