Fauna - Neanderthals also became extinct during this...

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Fauna Both marine and continental faunas were essentially modern and many animals, specifically, mammals were much larger than their modern relatives . Pleistocene of Northern Spain showing woolly mammoth , cave lions eating a reindeer , tarpans , and woolly rhinoceros . Pleistocene of South America showing Megatherium and two Glyptodon . The severe climatic changes during the ice age had major impacts on the fauna and flora. With each advance of the ice, large areas of the continents became totally depopulated, and plants and animals retreating southward in front of the advancing glacier faced tremendous stress. The most severe stress resulted from drastic climatic changes, reduced living space, and curtailed food supply. A major extinction event of large mammals ( megafauna ), which included mammoths , mastodons , saber-toothed cats , glyptodons , ground sloths , Irish elk , cave bears , and short-faced bears , began late in the Pleistocene and continued into the Holocene.
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Unformatted text preview: Neanderthals also became extinct during this period. At the end of the last ice age, cold-blooded animals, smaller mammals like wood mice , migratory birds, and swifter animals like whitetail deer had replaced the megafauna and migrated north. The extinctions were especially severe in North America where native horses and camels were eliminated. Asian Land Mammal Ages (ALMA) include Zhoukoudianian , Nihewanian , and Yushean . European Land Mammal Ages (ELMA) include Gelasian (2.51.8 Ma ). North American Land Mammal Ages (NALMA) include Blancan (4.51.2), Irvingtonian (1.20.5) and Rancholabrean (0.50.01) in millions of years. The Blancan extends significantly back into the Pliocene. South American Land Mammal Ages (SALMA) include Uquian (2.51.5), Ensenadan (1.50.3) and Lujanian (0.30.01) in millions of years. The Uquian extends significantly back into the Pliocene....
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course AMH AMH2010 taught by Professor Pietrzak during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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