Arrival of Native Americans and European7

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Arrival of Native Americans and Europeans NEW NETHERLAND AND MARYLAND Hired by the Dutch East India Company, Henry Hudson in 1609 explored the area  around what is now New York City and the river that bears his name, to a point probably  north of present-day Albany, New York. Subsequent Dutch voyages laid the basis for  their claims and early settlements in the area. As with the French to the north, the first interest of the Dutch was the fur trade.  To this  end, they cultivated close relations with the Five Nations of the Iroquois, who were the  key to the heartland from which the furs came. In 1617 Dutch settlers built a fort at the  junction of the Hudson and the Mohawk Rivers, where Albany now stands. Settlement on the island of Manhattan began in the early 1620s. In 1624, the island was 
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Unformatted text preview: purchased from local Native Americans for the reported price of $24. It was promptly renamed New Amsterdam. In order to attract settlers to the Hudson River region, the Dutch encouraged a type of feudal aristocracy, known as the "patroon" system. The first of these huge estates were established in 1630 along the Hudson River. Under the patroon system, any stockholder, or patroon, who could bring 50 adults to his estate over a four-year period was given a 25-kilometer river-front plot, exclusive fishing and hunting privileges, and civil and criminal jurisdiction over his lands. In turn, he provided livestock, tools, and buildings. The tenants paid the patroon rent and gave him first option on surplus crops....
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