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Arrival of Native Americans and European2

Arrival of Native Americans and European2 - In 1670 the...

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Arrival of Native Americans and Europeans The Dutch settlements had been ruled by autocratic governors appointed in Europe.  Over the years, the local population had become estranged from them. As a result,  when the British colonists began encroaching on Dutch claims in Long Island and  Manhattan, the unpopular governor was unable to rally the population to their defense.  New Netherland fell in 1664. The terms of the capitulation, however, were mild: The  Dutch settlers were able to retain their property and worship as they pleased. As early as the 1650s, the Albemarle Sound region off the coast of what is now northern  North Carolina was inhabited by settlers trickling down from Virginia.  The first  proprietary governor arrived in 1664.  The first town in Albemarle, a remote area even  today, was not established until the arrival of a group of French Huguenots in 1704.
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Unformatted text preview: In 1670 the first settlers, drawn from New England and the Caribbean island of Barbados, arrived in what is now Charleston, South Carolina. An elaborate system of government, to which the British philosopher John Locke contributed, was prepared for the new colony. One of its prominent features was a failed attempt to create a hereditary nobility. One of the colony's least appealing aspects was the early trade in Indian slaves. With time, however, timber, rice, and indigo gave the colony a worthier economic base. In 1681 William Penn, a wealthy Quaker and friend of Charles II, received a large tract of land west of the Delaware River, which became known as Pennsylvania. To help populate it, Penn actively recruited a host of religious dissenters from England and the continent – Quakers, Mennonites, Amish, Moravians, and Baptists....
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