The New Conservatism and a New World Orde5

The New Conservatism and a New World Orde5 - far greater...

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The New Conservatism and a New World Order The Reagan Years During Reagan's first term, the United States spent unprecedented sums for a massive  defense build-up, including the placement of intermediate-range nuclear missiles in  Europe to counter Soviet deployments of similar missiles. And on March 23, 1983, in  one of the most hotly debated policy decisions of his presidency, Reagan announced  the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) research program to explore advanced  technologies, such as lasers and high-energy projectiles, to defend against  intercontinental ballistic missiles. Although many scientists questioned the technological  feasibility of SDI and economists pointed to the extraordinary sums of money involved,  the administration pressed ahead with the project. After re-election in 1984, Reagan softened his position on arms control. Moscow was amenable to agreement, in part because its economy already expended a 
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Unformatted text preview: far greater proportion of national output on its military than did the United States. Further increases, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev felt, would cripple his plans to liberalize the Soviet economy. In November 1985, Reagan and Gorbachev agreed in principle to seek 50-percent reductions in strategic offensive nuclear arms as well as an interim agreement on intermediate-range nuclear forces. In December 1987, they signed the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty providing for the destruction of that entire category of nuclear weapons. By then, the Soviet Union seemed a less menacing adversary. Reagan could take much of the credit for a greatly diminished Cold War, but as his administration ended, almost no one realized just how shaky the USSR had become....
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