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Decades of Chan22 - roles and responsibilities and to find...

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Decades of Change - 1960-1980 The Rise of cultural and ethnic pluralism   The courts worked their way through these problems with decisions that were often  inconsistent.  In the meantime, the steady march of African Americans into the ranks of  the middle class and once largely white suburbs quietly reflected a profound  demographic change. THE WOMEN'S MOVEMENT During the 1950s and 1960s, inc reasing numbers of married women entered the labor force, but in 1963 the average  working woman earned only 63 percent of what a man made. That year Betty Friedan  published  The Feminine Mystique , an explosive critique of middle-class living patterns  that articulated a pervasive sense of discontent that Friedan contended was felt by  many women. Arguing that women often had no outlets for expression other than  "finding a husband and bearing children," Friedan encouraged her readers to seek new 
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Unformatted text preview: roles and responsibilities and to find their own personal and professional identities, rather than have them defined by a male-dominated society. The women's movement of the 1960s and 1970s drew inspiration from the civil rights movement. It was made up mainly of members of the middle class, and thus partook of the spirit of rebellion that affected large segments of middle-class youth in the 1960s. Reform legislation also prompted change. During debate on the 1964 Civil Rights bill, opponents hoped to defeat the entire measure by proposing an amendment to outlaw discrimination on the basis of gender as well as race. First the amendment, then the bill itself, passed, giving women a valuable legal tool....
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