Decades of Chan20

Decades of Chan20 - activism in particular taught Hispanics...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Decades of Change - 1960-1980 The Rise of cultural and ethnic pluralism   THE LATINO MOVEMENT In post-World War II America, Americans of Mexican and Puerto Rican descent had  faced discrimination.  New immigrants, coming from Cuba, Mexico, and Central America  – often unskilled and unable to speak English – suffered from discrimination as well.   Some Hispanics worked as farm laborers and at times were cruelly exploited while  harvesting crops; others gravitated to the cities, where, like earlier immigrant groups,  they encountered difficulties in their quest for a better life. Chicanos, or Mexican-Americans, mobilized in organizations like the radical Asociación  Nacional Mexico-Americana, yet did not become confrontational until the 1960s. Hoping  that Lyndon Johnson's poverty program would expand opportunities for them, they  found that bureaucrats failed to respond to less vocal groups. The example of black 
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: activism in particular taught Hispanics the importance of pressure politics in a pluralistic society. The National Labor Relations Act of 1935 had excluded agricultural workers from its guarantee of the right to organize and bargain collectively. But César Chávez, founder of the overwhelmingly Hispanic United Farm Workers, demonstrated that direct action could achieve employer recognition for his union. California grape growers agreed to bargain with the union after Chávez led a nationwide consumer boycott. Similar boycotts of lettuce and other products were also successful. Though farm interests continued to try to obstruct Chávez's organization, the legal foundation had been laid for representation to secure higher wages and improved working conditions....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 12/22/2011 for the course AMH AMH2010 taught by Professor Pietrzak during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online