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Decades of Chan18 - . themin1971.

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Decades of Change - 1960-1980 The Rise of cultural and ethnic pluralism   Confrontations became more common. In 1969 a landing party of 78 Native Americans  seized Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay and held it until federal officials removed  them in 1971. In 1973 AIM took over the South Dakota village of Wounded Knee, where  soldiers in the late 19th century had massacred a Sioux encampment. Militants hoped to  dramatize the poverty and alcoholism in the reservation surrounding the town. The  episode ended after one Native American was killed and another wounded, with a  government agreement to re-examine treaty rights. Still, Native-American activism brought results. Other Americans became more aware of  Native-American needs. Government officials responded with measures including the  Education Assistance Act of 1975 and the 1996 Native-American Housing and Self- Determination Act.  The Senate's first Native-American member, Ben Nighthorse 
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