Decades of Chang8 - more successful than Diem in mobilizing...

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Decades of Change - 1960-1980 The Rise of cultural and ethnic pluralism   In 1965, Congress abolished the discriminatory 1924 national-origin immigration  quotas.  This triggered a new wave of immigration, much of it from South and East Asia  and Latin America. The Great Society was the largest burst of legislative activity since the New Deal. But  support weakened as early as 1966. Some of Johnson's programs did not live up to  expectations; many went underfunded.  The urban crisis seemed, if anything, to  worsen.  Still, whether because of the Great Society spending or because of a strong  economic upsurge, poverty did decline at least marginally during the Johnson  administration. THE WAR IN VIETNAM Dissatisfaction with the Great Society came to be more than matched by unhappiness  with the situation in Vietnam.   A series of South Vietnamese strong men proved little 
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Unformatted text preview: more successful than Diem in mobilizing their country. The Viet Cong, insurgents supplied and coordinated from North Vietnam, gained ground in the countryside. Determined to halt Communist advances in South Vietnam, Johnson made the Vietnam War his own. After a North Vietnamese naval attack on two American destroyers, Johnson won from Congress on August 7, 1964, passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which allowed the president to "take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression." After his re-election in November 1964, he embarked on a policy of escalation. From 25,000 troops at the start of 1965, the number of soldiers – both volunteers and draftees – rose to 500,000 by 1968. A bombing campaign wrought havoc in both North and South Vietnam....
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