Postwar Ameri24 - of native populations. However, the...

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Postwar America U.S. dominates global affairs The Soviet Union had its own agenda. The Russian historical tradition of centralized,  autocratic government contrasted with the American emphasis on democracy. Marxist- Leninist ideology had been downplayed during the war but still guided Soviet policy.  Devastated by the struggle in which 20 million Soviet citizens had died, the Soviet Union  was intent on rebuilding and on protecting itself from another such terrible conflict. The  Soviets were particularly concerned about another invasion of their territory from the  west. Having repelled Hitler's thrust, they were determined to preclude another such  attack. They demanded "defensible" borders and “friendly” regimes in Eastern Europe  and seemingly equated both with the spread of Communism, regardless of the wishes 
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Unformatted text preview: of native populations. However, the United States had declared that one of its war aims was the restoration of independence and self-government to Poland, Czechoslovakia, and the other countries of Central and Eastern Europe. HARRY TRUMAN’S LEADERSHIP The nation’s new chief executive, Harry S Truman, succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt as president before the end of the war. An unpretentious man who had previously served as Democratic senator from Missouri, then as vice president, Truman initially felt ill-prepared to govern. Roosevelt had not discussed complex postwar issues with him, and he had little experience in international affairs. "I'm not big enough for this job," he told a former colleague....
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This note was uploaded on 12/22/2011 for the course AMH AMH2010 taught by Professor Pietrzak during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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