Postwar Ameri23 - influence; Washington wanted a more...

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Postwar America U.S. dominates global affairs Still, Truman responded quickly to new challenges. Sometimes impulsive on small  matters, he proved willing to make hard and carefully considered decisions on large  ones.  A small sign on his White House desk declared, "The Buck Stops Here."  His  judgments about how to respond to the Soviet Union ultimately determined the shape of  the early Cold War. ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR The Cold War developed as differences about the shape of the postwar world created  suspicion and distrust between the United States and the Soviet Union.  The first – and  most difficult – test case was Poland, the eastern half of which had been invaded and  occupied by the USSR in 1939.  Moscow demanded a government subject to Soviet 
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Unformatted text preview: influence; Washington wanted a more independent, representative government following the Western model. The Yalta Conference of February 1945 had produced an agreement on Eastern Europe open to different interpretations. It included a promise of "free and unfettered" elections. Meeting with Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs Vyacheslav Molotov less than two weeks after becoming president, Truman stood firm on Polish self-determination, lecturing the Soviet diplomat about the need to implement the Yalta accords. When Molotov protested, "I have never been talked to like that in my life," Truman retorted, "Carry out your agreements and you won't get talked to like that." Relations deteriorated from that point onward....
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