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Postwar Ameri20 - remaining 16 nations hammered out a...

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Postwar America U.S.    dominates global affairs Containment also called for extensive economic aid to assist the recovery of war-torn  Western Europe. With many of the region's nations economically and politically  unstable, the United States feared that local Communist parties, directed by Moscow,  would capitalize on their wartime record of resistance to the Nazis and come to power.  "The patient is sinking while the doctors deliberate," declared Secretary of State George  C. Marshall. In mid-1947 Marshall asked troubled European nations to draw up a  program "directed not against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty,  desperation, and chaos." The Soviets participated in the first planning meeting, then departed rather than share  economic data and submit to Western controls on the expenditure of the aid. The 
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Unformatted text preview: remaining 16 nations hammered out a request that finally came to $17,000 million for a fouryear period. In early 1948 Congress voted to fund the "Marshall Plan," which helped underwrite the economic resurgence of Western Europe. It is generally regarded as one of the most successful foreign policy initiatives in U.S. history. Postwar Germany was a special problem. It had been divided into U.S., Soviet, British, and French zones of occupation, with the former German capital of Berlin (itself divided into four zones), near the center of the Soviet zone. When the Western powers announced their intention to create a consolidated federal state from their zones, Stalin responded. On June 24, 1948, Soviet forces blockaded Berlin, cutting off all road and rail access from the West....
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  • Fall '10
  • PIETRZAK
  • Western Europe., local communist parties, extensive economic aid, troubled European nations, consolidated federal state

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