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Postwar Ameri18 - government fled to the island of Taiwan...

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Postwar America U.S.    dominates global affairs THE COLD WAR IN ASIA AND THE MIDDLE EAST While seeking to prevent Communist ideology from gaining further adherents in Europe,  the United States also responded to challenges elsewhere. In China, Americans worried  about the advances of Mao Zedong and his Communist Party.  During World War II, the  Nationalist government under Chiang Kai-shek and the Communist forces waged a civil  war even as they fought the Japanese. Chiang had been a war-time ally, but his  government was hopelessly inefficient and corrupt.  American policy makers had little  hope of saving his regime and considered Europe vastly more important. With most  American aid moving across the Atlantic, Mao's forces seized power in 1949.  Chiang’s 
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Unformatted text preview: government fled to the island of Taiwan. When China’s new ruler announced that he would support the Soviet Union against the "imperialist" United States, it appeared that Communism was spreading out of control, at least in Asia. The Korean War brought armed conflict between the United States and China. The United States and the Soviet Union had divided Korea along the 38th parallel after liberating it from Japan at the end of World War II. Originally a matter of military convenience, the dividing line became more rigid as both major powers set up governments in their respective occupation zones and continued to support them even after departing....
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