Postwar Ameri12 - was drafted. Television brought the...

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Postwar America U.S.    dominates global affairs The most vigorous anti-Communist warrior was Senator Joseph R. McCarthy, a  Republican from Wisconsin. He gained national attention in 1950 by claiming that he  had a list of 205 known Communists in the State Department. Though McCarthy  subsequently changed this figure several times and failed to substantiate any of his  charges, he struck a responsive public chord. McCarthy gained power when the Republican Party won control of the Senate in 1952.  As a committee chairman, he now had a forum for his crusade. Relying on extensive  press and television coverage, he continued to search for treachery among second-level  officials in the Eisenhower administration.  Enjoying the role of a tough guy doing dirty  but necessary work, he pursued presumed Communists with vigor. McCarthy overstepped himself by challenging the U.S. Army when one of his assistants 
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Unformatted text preview: was drafted. Television brought the hearings into millions of homes. Many Americans saw McCarthy's savage tactics for the first time, and public support began to wane. The Republican Party, which had found McCarthy useful in challenging a Democratic administration when Truman was president, began to see him as an embarrassment. The Senate finally condemned him for his conduct. McCarthy in many ways represented the worst domestic excesses of the Cold War. As Americans repudiated him, it became natural for many to assume that the Communist threat at home and abroad had been grossly overblown. As the country moved into the 1960s, anti-Communism became increasingly suspect, especially among intellectuals and opinion-shapers....
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