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Postwar Americ1 - 1957 when Governor Orval Faubus attempted...

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Postwar America U.S.    dominates global affairs African Americans achieved their goal of overturning  Plessy  in 1954 when the Supreme  Court – presided over by an Eisenhower appointee, Chief Justice Earl Warren – handed  down its  Brown v. Board of Education  ruling. The Court declared unanimously that  "separate facilities are inherently unequal," and decreed that the "separate but equal"  doctrine could no longer be used in public schools. A year later, the Supreme Court  demanded that local school boards move "with all deliberate speed" to implement the  decision. Eisenhower, although sympathetic to the needs of the South as it faced a major  transition, nonetheless acted to see that the law was upheld in the face of massive  resistance from much of the South.  He faced a major crisis in Little Rock, Arkansas, in 
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Unformatted text preview: 1957, when Governor Orval Faubus attempted to block a desegregation plan calling for the admission of nine black students to the city’s previously all-white Central High School. After futile efforts at negotiation, the president sent federal troops to Little Rock to enforce the plan. Governor Faubus responded by ordering the Little Rock high schools closed down for the 1958-59 school year. However, a federal court ordered them reopened the following year. They did so in a tense atmosphere with a tiny number of African-American students. Thus, school desegregation proceeded at a slow and uncertain pace throughout much of the South....
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