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The New Deal and World War I9

The New Deal and World War I9 - In July 1941 the Japanese...

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The New Deal and World War II Roosevelt’s leadership through economic reconstruction, war JAPAN, PEARL HARBOR, AND WAR While most Americans anxiously watched the course of the European war, tension  mounted in Asia. Taking advantage of an opportunity to improve its strategic position,  Japan boldly announced a “new order” in which it would exercise hegemony over all of  the Pacific. Battling for survival against Nazi Germany, Britain was unable to resist,  abandoning its concession in Shanghai and temporarily closing the Chinese supply  route from Burma. In the summer of 1940, Japan won permission from the weak Vichy  government in France to use airfields in northern Indochina (North Vietnam). That  September the Japanese formally joined the Rome-Berlin Axis. The United States  countered with an embargo on the export of scrap iron to Japan.
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Unformatted text preview: In July 1941 the Japanese occupied southern Indochina (South Vietnam), signaling a probable move southward toward the oil, tin, and rubber of British Malaya and the Dutch East Indies. The United States, in response, froze Japanese assets and initiated an embargo on the one commodity Japan needed above all others – oil. General Hideki Tojo became prime minister of Japan that October. In mid-November, he sent a special envoy to the United States to meet with Secretary of State Cordell Hull. Among other things, Japan demanded that the United States release Japanese assets and stop U.S. naval expansion in the Pacific. Hull countered with a proposal for Japanese withdrawal from all its conquests. The swift Japanese rejection on December 1 left the talks stalemated....
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