The New Deal and World War I1

The New Deal and World War I1 - promising that Japan would...

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The New Deal and World War II Roosevelt’s leadership through economic reconstruction, war The heads of the U.S., British, and Soviet governments met at Potsdam, a suburb  outside Berlin, from July 17 to August 2, 1945, to discuss operations against Japan, the  peace settlement in Europe, and a policy for the future of Germany. Perhaps presaging  the coming end of the alliance, they had no trouble on vague matters of principle or the  practical issues of military occupation, but reached no agreement on many tangible  issues, including reparations. The day before the Potsdam  Conference began, U.S. nuclear scientists engaged in the secret Manhattan Project  exploded an atomic bomb near Alamogordo, New Mexico. The test was the culmination  of three years of intensive research in laboratories across the United States. It lay  behind the Potsdam Declaration, issued on July 26 by the United States and Britain, 
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Unformatted text preview: promising that Japan would neither be destroyed nor enslaved if it surrendered. If Japan continued the war, however, it would meet “prompt and utter destruction.” President Truman, calculating that an atomic bomb might be used to gain Japan’s surrender more quickly and with fewer casualties than an invasion of the mainland, ordered that the bomb be used if the Japanese did not surrender by August 3. A committee of U.S. military and political officials and scientists had considered the question of targets for the new weapon. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson argued successfully that Kyoto, Japan’s ancient capital and a repository of many national and religious treasures, be taken out of consideration. Hiroshima, a center of war industries and military operations, became the first objective....
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This note was uploaded on 12/22/2011 for the course AMH AMH2010 taught by Professor Pietrzak during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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