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The New Deal and World War I4

The New Deal and World War I4 - insisted upon by Roosevelt...

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The New Deal and World War II Roosevelt’s leadership through economic reconstruction, war Other battles also contributed to Allied success. The six-month land and sea battle for  the island of Guadalcanal (August 1942-February 1943) was the first major U.S. ground  victory in the Pacific. For most of the next two years, American and Australian troops  fought their way northward from the South Pacific and westward from the Central  Pacific, capturing the Solomons, the Gilberts, the Marshalls, and the Marianas in a  series of amphibious assaults. THE POLITICS OF WAR Allied military efforts were accompanied by a series of important international meetings  on the political objectives of the war. In January 1943 at Casablanca, Morocco, an  Anglo-American conference decided that no peace would be concluded with the Axis  and its Balkan satellites except on the basis of “unconditional surrender.” This term, 
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Unformatted text preview: insisted upon by Roosevelt, sought to assure the people of all the fighting nations that no separate peace negotiations would be carried on with representatives of Fascism and Nazism and there would be no compromise of the war’s idealistic objectives. Axis propagandists, of course, used it to assert that the Allies were engaged in a war of extermination. At Cairo, in November 1943, Roosevelt and Churchill met with Nationalist Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek to agree on terms for Japan, including the relinquishment of gains from past aggression. At Tehran, shortly afterward, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin made basic agreements on the postwar occupation of Germany and the establishment of a new international organization, the United Nations....
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