War1 - musicians – Duke Ellington King Oliver Louis...

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War, Prosperity, and Depression U.S. triumphs in World War I, suffers through downturn African-American culture flowered.  Between 1910 and 1930, huge numbers of African  Americans moved from the South to the North in search of jobs and personal freedom.   Most settled in urban areas, especially New York City’s Harlem, Detroit, and Chicago.   In 1910 W.E.B. Du Bois and other intellectuals had founded the National Association for  the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), which helped African Americans gain a  national voice that would grow in importance with the passing years. An AfricanAmerican literary and artistic movement, called the "Harlem Renaissance,"  emerged. Like the "Lost Generation," its writers, such as the poets Langston Hughes  and Countee Cullen, rejected middle-class values and conventional literary forms, even  as they addressed the realities of African-American experience.  African-American 
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Unformatted text preview: musicians – Duke Ellington, King Oliver, Louis Armstrong – first made jazz a staple of American culture in the 1920’s. THE GREAT DEPRESSION In October 1929 the booming stock market crashed, wiping out many investors. The collapse did not in itself cause the Great Depression, although it reflected excessively easy credit policies that had allowed the market to get out of hand. It also aggravated fragile economies in Europe that had relied heavily on American loans. Over the next three years, an initial American recession became part of a worldwide depression. Business houses closed their doors, factories shut down, banks failed with the loss of depositors’ savings. Farm income fell some 50 percent. By November 1932, approximately one of every five American workers was unemployed....
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