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War13 - Britain which controlled the seas stopped and...

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War, Prosperity, and Depression U.S. triumphs in World War I, suffers through downturn WAR AND NEUTRAL RIGHTS To the American public of 1914, the outbreak of war in Europe – with Germany and  Austria-Hungary fighting Britain, France, and Russia – came as a shock.  At first the  encounter seemed remote, but its economic and political effects were swift and deep.  By 1915 U.S.  industry , which had been mildly depressed, was prospering again with  munitions orders from the Western Allies. Both sides used propaganda to arouse the  public passions of Americans – a third of whom were either foreign-born or had one or  two foreign-born parents. Moreover, Britain and Germany both acted against U.S.  shipping on the high seas, bringing sharp protests from President Woodrow Wilson.
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Unformatted text preview: Britain, which controlled the seas, stopped and searched American carriers, confiscating “contraband” bound for Germany. Germany employed its major naval weapon, the submarine, to sink shipping bound for Britain or France. President Wilson warned that the United States would not forsake its traditional right as a neutral to trade with belligerent nations. He also declared that the nation would hold Germany to "strict accountability" for the loss of American vessels or lives. On May 7, 1915, a German submarine sunk the British liner Lusitania , killing 1,198 people, 128 of them Americans. Wilson, reflecting American outrage, demanded an immediate halt to attacks on liners and merchant ships....
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