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War12 - UNITED STATES ENTERS WORLD WAR I On however the...

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War, Prosperity, and Depression U.S. triumphs in World War I, suffers through downturn Anxious to avoid war with the United States, Germany agreed to give warning to  commercial vessels – even if they flew the enemy flag – before firing on them. But after  two more attacks – the sinking of the British steamer  Arabic  in August 1915, and the  torpedoing of the French liner  Sussex  in March 1916 – Wilson issued an ultimatum  threatening to break diplomatic relations unless Germany abandoned submarine  warfare.  Germany agreed and  refrained from further attacks through the end of the year. Wilson won reelection in 1916, partly on the slogan: “He kept us out of war.”  Feeling he  had a mandate to act as a peacemaker, he delivered a speech to the Senate, January  22, 1917, urging the warring nations to accept a "peace without victory."
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Unformatted text preview: UNITED STATES ENTERS WORLD WAR I On January 31, 1917, however, the German government resumed unrestricted submarine warfare. After five U.S. vessels were sunk, Wilson on April 2, 1917, asked for a declaration of war. Congress quickly approved. The government rapidly mobilized military resources, industry, labor, and agriculture. By October 1918, on the eve of Allied victory, a U.S. army of over 1,750,000 had been deployed in France. In the summer of 1918, fresh American troops under the command of General John J. Pershing played a decisive role in stopping a last-ditch German offensive. That fall, Americans were key participants in the Meuse-Argonne offensive, which cracked Germany's vaunted Hindenburg Line....
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