War4 - into conflict with older rural traditions....

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War, Prosperity, and Depression U.S. triumphs in World War I, suffers through downturn In 1921, Congress passed a sharply restrictive emergency immigration act.  It was  supplanted in 1924 by the Johnson-Reed National Origins Act, which established an  immigration quota for each nationality.  Those quotas were pointedly based on the  census of 1890, a year in which the newer immigration had not yet left its mark.  Bitterly  resented by southern and Eastern European ethnic groups, the new law reduced  immigration to a trickle.  After 1929, the economic impact of the Great Depression would  reduce the trickle to a reverse flow – until refugees from European fascism began to  press for admission to the country. CLASH OF CULTURES Some Americans expressed their discontent with the character of modern life in the  1920s by focusing on family and religion, as an increasingly urban, secular society came 
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Unformatted text preview: into conflict with older rural traditions. Fundamentalist preachers such as Billy Sunday provided an outlet for many who yearned for a return to a simpler past. Perhaps the most dramatic demonstration of this yearning was the religious fundamentalist crusade that pitted Biblical texts against the Darwinian theory of biological evolution. In the 1920s, bills to prohibit the teaching of evolution began appearing in Midwestern and Southern state legislatures. Leading this crusade was the aging William Jennings Bryan, long a spokesman for the values of the countryside as well as a progressive politician. Bryan skillfully reconciled his anti-evolutionary activism with his earlier economic radicalism, declaring that evolution "by denying the need or possibility of spiritual regeneration, discourages all reforms."...
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