Chapter07 - Chapter 7 Other Drugs, Other Addictions CHAPTER...

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Chapter 7 Other Drugs, Other Addictions CHAPTER OVERVIEW OTHER DRUGS Addicts rarely limit themselves to only one drug or a single compulsive behavior. I.e. Alcoholics can also abuse benzodiazepine downers and practice compulsive gambling along with their alcoholism. The number of substances that are used to alter one’s physical and mental balance seem endless. They vary from inhalants, to sports drugs, to smart drugs. Inhaling substances such as volatile solvents (e.g., aerosol sprays, gasoline, paint thinner), the nitrites (amyl, butyl, isobutyl), and anesthetics such as laughing gas, to change one’s consciousness, is popular among younger age groups where psychoactive drugs are not readily available. The drugs are popular because they are cheap, easy to find, quick acting, and intense. They cause a giddiness, elevated mood, and reduced inhibitions but will also cause impulsiveness, irritability, dizziness, slurred speech, unsteady gait, lack of muscular coordination, and even unconsciousness. Athletes use three class of drugs in their endeavors; therapeutic drugs, performance-enhancing drugs, and recreational/mood-altering drugs. Non-psychoactive drugs that relieve pain are O-T-C analgesics, muscle relaxants, anti-inflammatories, and asthma medications. Psychoactive drugs that are used to relieve pain are primarily the opioids and skeletal muscle relaxants. Drugs that are used for a competitive advantage are primarily anabolic-androgenic steroids, human growth hormone, and stimulants such as methamphetamine or even caffeine. Recreational drugs are the same ones used by the general public (and usually for the same reasons). Miscellaneous drugs include such diverse substances as kava, herbal medicines, embalming fluid, nootropic dugs, and even toad secretions. OTHER ADDICTIONS Some people become involved in compulsive non-drug behaviors for
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many of the same reasons they abuse psychoactive drugs—to change their mood, forget problems, get a rush, and self-medicate. As with drug addictions, heredity, environment and practice of compulsive behaviors affect susceptibility to developing a behavioral addicition. These behaviors include: compulsive gambling; more and more gambling outlets, widespread legality, and television gambling shows are creating a new class of pathological compulsive gamblers in need of treatment. Eating disorders include anorexia, bulimia, and binge-eating disorder. Simple obesity is epidemic in our society and creates a huge financial drain due to the many health problems engendered by our fast-food society. Other behavioral addictions include sexual addiction, compulsive shopping, Internet addiction, television addiction, cell phone addiction, and even tanning or body piercing addiction and exercise bulimia. It may be impossible to remain abstinent from some behavioral
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This note was uploaded on 12/26/2011 for the course SCI HTW318 taught by Professor Bergen-cico during the Fall '11 term at Syracuse.

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Chapter07 - Chapter 7 Other Drugs, Other Addictions CHAPTER...

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