Chapter06 - Chapter 6 All Arounders CHAPTER OVERVIEW...

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Chapter 6 All Arounders CHAPTER OVERVIEW Psychedelic (hallucinogenic) drugs such as marijuana, LSD, ketamine, PCP, MDMA (ecstasy), psilocybin mushrooms, peyote (mescaline), and dextromethorphan are the most commonly used psychedelics. Historically they have been used for religious, social, ceremonial, and medical purposes. They originally came from some of the 4,000 plants that have psychoactive effects. More recently many psychedelics have been synthesized. LSD, MDMA, and hundreds of psycho-stimulants are created every day by street chemists. All psychedelics cause intensified and confused sensations as well as illusions, delusions, and hallucinations. Many of the psychedelics also cause stimulation, impaired judgment, and faulty reasoning. Psychedelics or “All Arounders” are generally classified into five major categories: indoles, phenylalkylamines, anticholinergics, cannabinoids, and miscellaneous psychedelics (e.g. PCP, DXM, Salvia divinorum). The most widely used psychedelic is still marijuana; 160 million people worldwide use Cannabis . Psycho-stimulants, particularly MDMA (ecstasy) have also become popular although their use has also gone down in recent years. Use of psychedelics to augment music/dance venues known as “Raves” are called club drugs. These include ecstasy, mephedrone and MDPV. Other so-called club drugs that have been popular in the music scene are ketamine, GHB, and nitrous oxide. The other psychedelics are used to a much smaller extent than marijuana. Even LSD use has gone down substantially since its heyday in the 1960s and ‘70s. Synthetic analogs of marijuana’s most psychoactive chemical, THC were sold legally as “herbal incense” with trade names like K2® or Spice® until 2011 when five of these chemicals were classified as Schedule I drugs of abuse. Many more have yet to be federally classified though most states have banned their sale. Synthetic powerful stimulants sold as “bath salts” with trade names like Ivory Wave® or Cloud 9® were still legal under federal law in 2011 but several states have classified them as Schedule 1 illegal drugs. This chapter summarizes the history, pharmacology, epidemiology, and the physical/psychological effects of these drugs. In addition, the chapter studies extensively the botany, compulsive qualities, and legal complications of marijuana use along with an examination of the medical
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marijuana controversy.
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Chapter 6 All Arounders OUTLINE I. INTRODUCTION & HISTORY II. CLASSIFICATION III. GENERAL EFFECTS A. ASSESSING THE EFFECTS 1. Physical & Mental Effects 2. Illusions, Delusions, & Hallucinations IV. LSD, PSILOCYBIN MUSHROOMS, & OTHER INDOLE PSYCHEDELICS A. LSD (LYSERGIC ACID DIETHYLAMIDE) 1. History (see also Chapter 1) 2. Manufacture of LSD 3. Epidemiology 4. Pharmacology 5. Physical Effects & Mental Effects 6. Bad Trips (acute anxiety reactions) 7. Mental Illness & LSD 8. Dependence B. “MAGIC MUSHROOMS” (psilocybin & psilocin) 1. Pharmacology 2. Effects C. OTHER INDOLE PSYCHEDELICS
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Chapter06 - Chapter 6 All Arounders CHAPTER OVERVIEW...

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