Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 1 Introduction - Chapter 1 Introduction to 21st...

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Chapter 1 Introduction to 21st Century Psychotherapies
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Historical Foundations of Psychotherapy Can be traced back to Hippocrates Belief in empirical studies Hellenist physicians believed brain the seat of knowledge as well as source of depression, delirium, and madness. Leibniz (1646-1716) coined the term “dynamic” to describe unconscious forces Herbart (1776-1841) continued investigations of the unconscious
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Historical Foundations of Psychotherapy Other influential thinkers were Mesmer (1734-1815) and Schopenhauer (1788- 1860). They influenced Pierre Janet, Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, and Carl Gustav Jung. Mesmer and his disciple Puysegur are regarded as pioneers of hypnotherapy (think mesmerize).
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Psychotherapy-related Science in the 19th Century Fechner (1801-1887)—dream state research; threshold from unconscious to full awareness Helmholtz (1821-1894)—another empiricist of the unconscious Organicists worked feverishly throughout
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2011 for the course PSY 5531 taught by Professor Stewart during the Fall '11 term at Tarleton.

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Chapter 1 Introduction - Chapter 1 Introduction to 21st...

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