Existential Therapy for Theories

Existential Therapy for Theories - Existential...

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Existential Psychotherapy Major contemporary contributors: Viktor Frankl (1905-1997) Rollo May (1909-1994) Irvin Yalom
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Viktor Frankl Greatly influenced by Friedrich Nietzsche “He who has a why to live for can bear with almost any how.” “That which does not kill me, makes me stronger.” Survived Nazi Concentration Camps Man’s Search for Meaning Logotherapy – therapy through meaning Existential vacuum -- meaninglessness
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Rollo May Helped bring existentialism to United States In 1958, wrote “Existence: A new Dimension in Psychiatry and Psychology” Translated concepts into practice Courage to “be” Security of dependence or pain of growth
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Rollo May Freedom implies responsibility Destiny refers to awareness of our limitations Cosmic (forces of nature) Genetic (due to physiology) Cultural (societal influences) Circumstantial (situations) Ultimate limitation is death Through struggle freedom and destiny are appreciated
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Irvin Yalom Existential Psychotherapy (1980) Four Givens of Human Existence: Death – distress due to failure to deal with inevitablity of death Freedom Existential isolation – Inter/intrapersonal Meaninglessness – creates hierarchal order of our values and tells us how to live, but not why we live
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Irvin Yalom continued… Influenced greatly by philosophers
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Existential Therapy for Theories - Existential...

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