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Gestalt Therapy - Gestalt Therapy Founded by Dr Frederick...

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Gestalt Therapy Founded by Dr. Frederick “Fritz” Perls (1893- 1970)
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History of Gestalt Therapy Influenced by psychoanalysis, humanistic , holistic , phenomenological approaches, and existential writings Frederick “Fritz” Salomon Perls Trained as a psychiatrist Worked with Kurt Goldstein , holistic school of psychology, brain injuries on WWI vets Trained in psychoanalysis with Karen Horney and Wilhelm Reich Laura Perls Trained as a psychologist
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History continued The Perls fled Western Europe in 1933 to South Africa and practiced until 1945 Published Ego, Hunger and Aggression: A Revision of Psychoanalysis in 1947 Emigrated to New York City at end of WWII Collaboration began with artists and intellectuals versed in philosophy, psychology, medicine, and education resulting in elaboration of Gestalt Theory, Therapy and therapists In 1951, Published Gestalt Therapy:
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The Field Theory Perspective Field theory describes the whole field of which an event is part of rather than classifying it or seeking a cause-effect sequence A person constitutes a field No action is at a distance; i.e. what has effect must touch that which is affected in time and space The phenomenological field is defined by the observer and therefore one must know the observer’s frame of reference Field approaches are descriptive rather
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Organismic Self-Regulation "There is only one thing that should control: the situation…If you understand the situation you are in and let the situation you are in control the actions, then you learn to cope with life.” Fritz Perls
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Human regulation is either… Organismic Acknowledgement of what is Choosing and learning happen holistically A natural integration of mind and body Requires that the habitual become fully aware as needed Shouldistic What one thinks should or should not be Cognition reigns
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