New Behavior Therapy for Teach

New Behavior Therapy for Teach - Behavior therapy Ivan...

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Unformatted text preview: Behavior therapy Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) BF Skinner (1904-1990) Joseph Wolpe (1915-1997) Albert Bandura Historical Roots Classical conditioning Pavlov’s dog (1906) Wolpe’s Systematic Desensitization (1958) Operant conditioning BF Skinner (1938, 1953,1961) Social Learning Theory Vicarious learning – observation, modeling and imitation (Bandura, 1977) Contemporary behavior therapy Arose simultaneously in US, South Africa and Great Britain in 1950s Bandura combined Classical and Operant conditioning with observational learning. 1970s Behavior Therapy emerged as a major force in psychology, psychiatry, psychotherapy and education. Applied to business and industry and child rearing Radical View of Human Nature Founder of Radical Behaviorism, Skinner believed in the concept of “tabula rasa” or blank slate Born into the world with “instincts” for survival Behaviors developed based on a stimulus- response or response-consequence model Learned everything from the environment Contemporary View of Human Nature Modern behavior theorists believe that one is the producer and the product of one’s environment Bandura rejected mechanistic and deterministic models of behavior Behavioral and humanistic approaches seen as polar opposites until recently Nervous System 101 Central Nervous System Peripheral Nervous System Somatic branch Autonomic branch Sympathetic Nervous System Parasympathetic Nervous System Behavior & Learning Theory Classical conditioning (ANS) Unconditioned Stimulus (food) Unconditioned Response (salivation) Conditioned Stimulus (bell ringing) Conditioned Response (salivation) Extinction occurs when bell (CS) continues with no reward of food (US) causing the dog to stop salivating at sound of bell (CS) Behavior & Learning Theory Operant Conditioning (SNS) Reinforcement (positive or negative) Punishment (positive or negative) Behaviors reinforced are repeated; behaviors not reinforced are extinguished Behavior & Learning...
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2011 for the course PSY 5531 taught by Professor Stewart during the Fall '11 term at Tarleton.

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New Behavior Therapy for Teach - Behavior therapy Ivan...

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