Ethics Lesson 2 Psychological Egoism.docx - Lesson 2...

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Lesson 2 Psychological Egoism Psychological egoism - is the thesis that we are always deep down motivated by what we perceive to be in our own self-interest. Psychological altruism - on the other hand, is the view that sometimes we can have ultimately altruistic motives. Suppose, for example, that Pam saves Jim from a burning office building. What ultimately motivated her to do this? It would be odd to suggest that it’s ultimately her own benefit that Pam is seeking. After all, she’s risking her own life in the process. But the psychological egoist holds that Pam’s apparently altruistic act is ultimately motivated by the goal to benefit herself, whether she is aware of this or not. Pam might have wanted to gain a good feeling from being a hero, or to avoid social reprimand that would follow had she not helped Jim, or something along these lines. Several other egoistic views are related to, but distinct from psychological egoism. Unlike ethical egoism , psychological egoism is merely an empirical claim

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