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Ergonomics03 - Ergonomics aciuslablo seat I'Mfl ”9'0 mm...

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Unformatted text preview: Ergonomics aciuslablo seat I'Mfl ”9'0 mm! waterlafl 069° atiuslable seat helgfl Figure 8-2: Adjustable features of an ergonomically designed office chair Drivers and Pilots—The Role of the Ergonomistm the Desi $1 of Controls .‘i .- Everyone has seen photographs of the cockpit of an airplane—with a seem- ingly unlimited number of dials, gauges, and instruments surrounding the seats of the pilot and copilot. The ergonomist has played an important role in the layout and organization of the cockpit instruments. Similar factors to those critical in the design of cockpits are also incor- porated into the latest design of automobile instrument panels. They in- clude an accessible, easy-to-read instrument panel and control features (i.e., pedals, steering wheel) that are easy to reach. The instruments must all be located within the “reach envelope,” or convenient reach, of the driver. - ‘ The driver’s posture is going to affect both the visual and physical ac- cessibility as well as usefulness of the control features. The driver’s seat must satisfy comfort needs, but it must also allow the driver a full visual field of the front and rear windows, the side- and rear-view mirrors, as well as give easy'access to the control panel. Again, the ergonomist incorpo- rates anthropometric data in the layout of the. driver’s workstation for several reasons: ' 0 .. to determine the; limits of adjustability of the seat and the steering wheel . ‘ " - ' ' ' ° to ensure a comfortable, relaxed posture for the driver - ‘ 1w ...
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