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143cvhealth11

143cvhealth11 - – Risk inc 32 times for heart attack 20...

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11 Major Risk Factors that can be changed • Tobacco Use • About one in five deaths from CVD can be attributed to smoking • 1 pack / day - 2 * risk CAD, 5* stroke • 2 packs / day - 3 * risk • when heart attack happens - 2-4 times more likely to die • women who smoke and take oral contraceptives -
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Unformatted text preview: – Risk inc 32 times for heart attack - 20 times for stroke • smoking decreases HDL (good cholesterol) • nicotine increases BP and HR • carbon monoxide reduces O 2 • increased platelet activity - clotting • ETS - environmental tobacco smoke – 50,000 non smokers die each year...
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