kogge - The Nano Revolution and Its Effects on Micro/Nano...

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Slide 1 Mse_03.ppt Nano Revolution: MSE – June 1, 2003 The Nano Revolution and Its Effects on Micro/Nano Systems Education Peter M. Kogge McCourtney Prof. of CS & Engr, Assoc. Dean for Research, University of Notre Dame IBM Fellow (ret) Michael T. Niemier Univ. of Notre Dame, (soon to be Georgia Tech)
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Slide 4 Mse_03.ppt Nano Revolution: MSE – June 1, 2003 In More Detail Silicon Rules Today, But …. The “End of the Road” is in sight With “Nanotechnologies” in daily headlines Potential for another 1,000X Moore’s Law And: Our Students will live through the transition How do we prepare them … Today!
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Slide 6 Mse_03.ppt Nano Revolution: MSE – June 1, 2003 Acknowledgements & References NSF-Sponsored “Molecular Architecture Workshop (MAW)” @ Notre Dame in Nov. 2001 (Names in subtitles = MAW participants) “Teaching students computer architecture for new, nanotechnologies,” M. Niemier & P. Kogge, ISCA Workshop on Computer Architecture Education, May 26, 2002 Multiple sponsors: NSF, SRC, JPL, … http://nano.gov Special thanks to Lynn Conway & Mary Jane Irwin
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Slide 7 Mse_03.ppt Nano Revolution: MSE – June 1, 2003 Nano: Science, Engineering, & Technology “Ability to work at molecular level, atom by atom, to create large structures with fundamentally new properties and functions M. Roco, NSF
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Slide 18 Mse_03.ppt Nano Revolution: MSE – June 1, 2003 Technology paradigms 101 Past 7 decades, Zeus’s paradigm, current switches dominate: But problems lurk… Electromechanical relay Vacuum tubes Solid-state transistors CMOS IC 8085 8080 4004 8008 8086 286 386 486 Pentium® P6 1 10 100 1000 10000 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Power Density (W/cm2) Hot Plate Nuclear Reactor Rocket Nozzle Sun’s Surface Source: Borkar & De, Intel £ Technical: Economical: Quantum effects, e - tunneling , power dissipation, slow wires , dopant concentrations, lithography resolutions , chip I/O, testing In 2010 a fabrication plant may cost $200 billion!
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Slide 19 Mse_03.ppt Nano Revolution: MSE – June 1, 2003 The “Silicon” Limits Silicon 2016: 22 nm gate lengths, 28 GHz clocks, 310 sq.mm die Roadblocks: Smaller devices won’t work Significant changes in key design ratios
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Slide 20 Mse_03.ppt Nano Revolution: MSE – June 1, 2003 There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom (R. Feynman, 1959) http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr162/lect/light/spectrum.html Silicon’s Limit 1 nm 1 Angstrom (atomic diameter) The Nano Realm Silicon Today First MOS
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Slide 21 Mse_03.ppt Nano Revolution: MSE – June 1, 2003 Computational Paradigms at the Nano Scale Classical digital logic Neural Net Chemical-based DNA-based Quantum
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Slide 22 Mse_03.ppt Nano Revolution: MSE – June 1, 2003 Working at Nano Dimensions (Weiss) Circuit limits: mean free path & coherence length of electron Ultimate computing device ~ trapping single electron in quantum dot Growing capability to manipulate Properties of single molecules Placement into monolayer films With sharp boundaries Molecular alignment & conductance states heavily influenced by neighboring molecules May provide basis for self-assembly
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kogge - The Nano Revolution and Its Effects on Micro/Nano...

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