Exam 2 Study Guide

Exam 2 Study Guide - Educational Psychology Exam 2 Chapters...

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Educational Psychology Exam 2 Chapters 6-8, 10 History of Special Education - PA Association for Retarded Children v. Commonwealth o 1971/1972: required services for mentally challenged children in PA o First ever law suit against children with disabilities o Mentally challenged kids were not allowed in schools, taken to court, ruled in children’s favor o PA lawsuit only attended to mentally challenged children not any other learning disability in PA - Mills v. Board of Education of D.C o 1972: required services for all children with disabilities in D.C. - PL 94-142: Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 o Federal legislation that provided special education for all students with disabilities o A free appropriate public educated and related services was required o Individualized education program (IEP) and Least restrictive environment o Procedural safe guards (due process) o Allowed children to be mainstreamed in general education classrooms as long as they could prove that they could function successfully o Children from birth to 21 are able to receive services o Reauthorized several times - PL 101-476: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990 o First reauthorization o Emphasizes the individual rather than the disability and changed the name from handicapped to disability o Added traumatic brain injury and autism o Mainstreamed was changed to inclusion meaning children have he right to be in gen edu classes based on special needs, IEP, and social and academic reasons Teachers must differentiate curriculum and teaching in favor of child - PL 105-17 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1997 o Increased emphasis on family participation o Requirement to collect and analyze data on overrepresentation of minorities o Students with disabilities must participate in state assessment systems o Students need more access to gen edu curriculum - PL 108-446 The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 o Highly qualified teachers (alignment with NCLB) o Response to intervention o Revision of requirements for learning disability identification Six Principles of IDEA 1) Zero Reject Policy: child with special needs cannot be excluded from public schools and has to participate fully
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2) Nondiscriminatory Evaluation: does the child need special education and what do they need? 3) Appropriate Education 4) Least Restrictive Environment 5) Due process: provides safeguards for students and parents to ensure student is getting proper education 6) Parent and student participation and their right to records Referral and Identification Process - Need to obtain written permission from parents - Child goes through response to intervention - People observe and assess child - Need to be diagnosed by a team of individuals o Teachers, therapists, school psychologists - Once diagnosed, need written permission again in order to begin special edu classes o Parents must be involved with IEPs Concerns about Special Education - Very controversial
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Exam 2 Study Guide - Educational Psychology Exam 2 Chapters...

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