Exam 3 Study Guide

Exam 3 Study Guide - Reale 1 Exam 3 Study Guide Chapter 12:...

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Reale 1 Exam 3 Study Guide Chapter 12: Planning, Instruction, and Technology Direct Instruction - Constructing class so that objectives are reached by the end of the lesson - Directly transmitting info to class (lecturing) - Best time to use: when there is direct info that all students need Steps for Direct Instruction - Step 1: decide on objectives (goals) o Write good objectives o What you want students to know o May even tell students objectives o Objectives need to be behavioral/measurable o Objectives cannot be broad; need to state specifics - Step 2: Orient students to lesson o Describe what lesson is about - Step 3: Review o Review previous lesson and link it to upcoming lesson or something they already know - Step 4: Present new info o Logical order, emphasis on main points o This part does not have to be a lecture - Step 5: Conduct learning probes o Checking for understanding o Ask questions, signaling, dry erase markers - Step 6: Independent Practice o Students practice what you just taught (just a few questions) o Make sure you help during this step because students may have learned it wrong and practice it incorrectly (100x harder to unlearn something incorrect) o Short sessions with a few problems (teacher should be walking around) - Step 7: Assess performance and give immediate feedback o If students aren’t learning, you are not teaching - Step 8: Provide distributed practice/ Review o Memory is improved when info is spaced over time Asking Questions - State question before calling on a person this way everyone thinks about the answer - Integrate questions and discussion in teacher centered instruction - Teachers should respond to each student’s learning needs while maintaining the group’s interest and attention - Distribute participation widely while also retaining the enthusiasm of eager volunteers - Challenge: allowing students to contribute while still maintaining the focus on the lesson Strategies for Effective Lessons (Harmin) - Lesson Agreement o Students are more engaged, cooperative, involved o Introduction of lesson o Ask how it sounds to them (be prepared for disagreement) - Whip Around, Pass Option
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Reale 2 o Teacher asks questions and student either answers it or passes (usually opinion questions) - Question, All Write o Teacher asks a question and all students write down the answer - Sharing Pairs o Students pair up and share thoughts on topic/issue o Gives everyone an opportunity to share opinion - Choral Responses o Students answer in unison o Effective with spelling words - Task Group, Share Group o Each student is given a task within a group and share with another group - Develop a Problem o Students work together to learn and answer and open-ended question - Best Choice Debate o Students are in pairs and make a pro/con and debate o Join with another group - What’s the Difference? o
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Exam 3 Study Guide - Reale 1 Exam 3 Study Guide Chapter 12:...

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