Final Review - Final Exam Study Guide (Chapters 14-19)...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 14 1. Erikson’s developmental tasks for young, middle, and later adulthood. - Young Adulthood: Intimacy vs. Isolation --- Young adults who have developed a strong sense of self are ready to fuse their identity with that of another person (of the opposite) - Middle Adulthood: Generativity vs. Stagnation --- Generativity is the “concern of the mature adults for establishing and guiding the next generation” - Generativity takes the form of procreation, productivity, and creativity. - Late Adulthood: Ego Integrity vs. Despair --- Older adults need to evaluate, sum up, and accept the life one has lived without major regrets, or accept imperfection in the self, in parents, and in life so as to accept that life must end. - Ego Integrity comes not just from reflecting on the past, but from continued involvement in life. 2. Costa & McCrae’s five-factor model of personality (make sure to understand personality traits that comprise each personality factor or dimension) - Personality: an unobserved quality thought to be responsible for our observable behavior. - Personality traits stop changing about age 30 and appear to be “set in plaster” - Trait is a stable, enduring attribute that characterizes one element of an individual personality. - Stable over time and consistent across situations. - Genetic basis to some degree. - Five major Dimensions: (OCEAN) Openness to experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism. - Each factor or domain represents a cluster of related traits or facets. 3. Sternberg’s triangular theory of love - Love has three components: Passion, Intimacy, and Commitment. - Explain love and how it changes over time. - Intimacy: Closeness, connectedness, bondedness and warmth one experiences in a loving relationship - Warm feeling; trust; talk about anything. You have self-disclosure, talk about past relationships, relatives, and intimate parts of life. Not always sexual. - Passion: Drives that lead to romance, physical attraction, and sexual consummation. - Sexual energy - Decision/ Commitment: decision that one loves another or commitment to maintain love. - Very cognitive, conscious decision to stay in relationship and make it last forever. 4. What is the ultimate pattern of love according to Sternberg’s theory? - High levels of all three is the ultimate love--- constant, ideal love - High passion lasts about 1-2 years, then decreases quickly 5. According to Sternberg’s theory, which component or element of love is most important for marital success? - Longevity of a relationship relies on the commitment of each person. 6. Cohabitation effect: the effect of cohabitation on marital quality and divorce - Only 50-60% of all marriages are now preceded by cohabitation. Cohabitation seems to become a lifestyle in itself. - Majority are between 25 and 44
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/26/2011 for the course HDFS 129 taught by Professor Almeida during the Spring '08 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

Page1 / 7

Final Review - Final Exam Study Guide (Chapters 14-19)...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online