1. Erikson’s developmental tasks for young, middle, and later adulthood.
Young Adulthood: Intimacy vs. Isolation
--- Young adults who have developed a strong sense
of self are ready to fuse their identity with that of another person (of the opposite)
Middle Adulthood: Generativity vs. Stagnation
--- Generativity is the “concern of the mature
adults for establishing and guiding the next generation”
- Generativity takes the form of procreation, productivity, and creativity.
Late Adulthood: Ego Integrity vs. Despair
--- Older adults need to evaluate, sum up, and
accept the life one has lived without major regrets, or accept imperfection in the self, in parents,
and in life so as to accept that life must end.
- Ego Integrity comes not just from reflecting on the past, but from continued
involvement in life.
2. Costa & McCrae’s five-factor model of personality (make sure to understand personality traits that
comprise each personality factor or dimension)
- Personality: an unobserved quality thought to be responsible for our observable behavior.
- Personality traits stop changing about age 30 and appear to be “set in plaster”
- Trait is a stable, enduring attribute that characterizes one element of an individual personality.
- Stable over time and consistent across situations.
- Genetic basis to some degree.
- Five major Dimensions: (OCEAN) Openness to experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion,
Agreeableness, and Neuroticism.
- Each factor or domain represents a cluster of related traits or facets.
Sternberg’s triangular theory of love
- Love has three components: Passion, Intimacy, and Commitment.
- Explain love and how it changes over time.
Closeness, connectedness, bondedness and warmth one experiences in a loving
- Warm feeling; trust; talk about anything. You have self-disclosure, talk about past
relationships, relatives, and intimate parts of life. Not always sexual.
Drives that lead to romance, physical attraction, and sexual consummation.
- Sexual energy
decision that one loves another or commitment to maintain love.
- Very cognitive, conscious decision to stay in relationship and make it last forever.
4. What is the ultimate pattern of love according to Sternberg’s theory?
- High levels of all three is the ultimate love--- constant, ideal love
- High passion lasts about 1-2 years, then decreases quickly
5. According to Sternberg’s theory, which component or element of love is most important for marital
- Longevity of a relationship relies on the commitment of each person.
6. Cohabitation effect: the effect of cohabitation on marital quality and divorce
- Only 50-60% of all marriages are now preceded by cohabitation. Cohabitation seems to become
a lifestyle in itself.
- Majority are between 25 and 44