NOTES FOR CC MIDTERM

NOTES FOR CC MIDTERM - NOTES FOR C&C LECTURE New World...

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New World Encounters - Midterm Review Sheet Key Terms and Concepts Public/hidden transcripts: Aztec/Mexica Culture: Tenochtitlán (lecture, Clendinnen, Victors and Vanquished ): - greatest city of the aztecs, it was thought to be inhabitable by the other natives, it’s surrounded by water - the city of the Tenoch (Aztecs or the Mexica), it was thought to be the greatest architectural achievement (most planned and aesthetically pleasing) - spiritual capital, where the people thought they were the chosen ones to occupy. - As legend has it, the area was chosen when the Mexica people saw a eagle eat a snake on a cactus at that specific point Nahuatl (lecture, Clendinnen, Victors and Vanquished ) - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nahuatl - The language spoken by the Aztecs and the Tlaxcaltec . Mexica (lecture, Clendinnen, Victors and Vanquished ) - The people of the Aztec society. - the king ordered to burn all documents of history - people who originated the ideas of the sun god. Codex / codices (lectures, Brotherston, “Writing in Images”) - Pictorial, symbolic glyphs, records the most important events of the year. From before conquest to until colonial times. -Tlacuilo - Trained to paint codices, each glyph is symbolic: year, date, animal. -After conquest, After conquest: Spanish added descriptions to it. -There are numerical (Three dots to represent 3), calendrical (Jaguar to represent year), pictographic, ideographic. Aztec calendar: Tonalmatl, solar and “lunar” calendar, relation between them (lectures, “Writing in Images”) - Tonalmatl - Count of days (religious calendar), solar - It tells you what the
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day is and lunar calendar. Used numbers. - Religious calendar (rituals, holidays). - ways of measuring the progression of time - not the recording of a linear time but of a cyclical time, with important days. Bernardino de Sahagún / Florentine Codex (lecture)- - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florentine_Codex -Franciscan Friar who made his lifework making codices. Collected information from first person accounts to make codices. - Several people made the Florentine codex. Issues of translation, authority, power in relation to the Florentine Codex Aztec Gods: Huitzilopochtli, Tlaloc, Quetzalcóatl (lectures, Clendinnen) - There was an issue of translation because there was one person speaking Nahuatl and another person taking the Nahuatl and turning it into Spanish and another person painting it. -Huitzilopochtli head god (god of war) - Quetzalcoatl: he is the one that people Aztecs thought was the reincarnation of Cortez - Tlaloc was the rain god. Templo Mayor, symbolism and meanings of (lectures, Portillo) - The Templo Mayor [1] was one of the main temples of the Aztecs in their capital city of Tenochtitlan , which is now Mexico City . - According to tradition, the Templo Mayor is located on the exact spot
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This note was uploaded on 12/27/2011 for the course SCI 101 taught by Professor Berenson during the Fall '08 term at NYU.

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NOTES FOR CC MIDTERM - NOTES FOR C&C LECTURE New World...

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