Lecture+2+_Chapter+2+Values,+Personality_+no+notes

Lecture+2+_Chapter+2+Values,+Personality_+no+notes -...

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Individual Behavior, Values, and Personality Chapter 2
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Learning objectives MARS model of individual behavior Values in the workplace Values across cultures Self-concept Big Five personality dimensions (CANOE)
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MARS model of individual behavior Individual Individual Behavior Behavior and Results and Results Role Role Perceptions Perceptions Situational Situational Factors Factors Motivation Motivation Ability Ability Self-concept Self-concept Values Values Personality Personality Perceptions Perceptions Emotions Emotions Attitudes Attitudes Stress Stress
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Motivation Internal forces that affect a person’s voluntary choice of behavior Direction Intensity Persistence M M A A R R S S B&R B&R
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Ability Natural aptitudes and learned capabilities required to successfully complete a task Competencies: personal characteristics that lead to superior performance Person-job matching Select qualified people Training Redesign the job M M A A R R S S B&R B&R
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Ability Not everyone is equal in ability Some better suited for a particular type of jobs than others Types of abilities Intellectual ability (The capacity to do mental activities – thinking, reasoning, and problem solving) Physical ability (The capacity to do physical activities requiring stamina, dexterity, and strength)
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Dimensions of Intellectual Ability Ability to do speedy and accurate arithmetic Ability to understand what is read or heard and the relationship of words to each other Ability to identify visual similarities and differences quickly and accurately Ability to identify and solve a logical problem; assess the implications of an argument Ability to imagine how an object would look if its position changes Ability to retain and recall past experiences Number aptitude Verbal comprehension Perceptual speed Reasoning (Inductive and Deductive) Spatial visualization Memory
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Spatial Visualization In the diagram below, which of the four distracters is  not  the same as the  test object ?  A B C D
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Role perceptions What tasks to perform Relative importance of tasks Preferred behaviors to accomplish tasks M M A A R R S S B&R B&R
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Situational factors Environmental conditions beyond the individual’s short-term control that constrain or facilitate behavior Time People Budget Work facilities M M A A R R S S B&R B&R
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Lecture+2+_Chapter+2+Values,+Personality_+no+notes -...

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