UsingTreesHandout - BioG1780 Evolution and Biodiversity...

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BioG1780 Fall 2010 Evolution and Biodiversity Today’s lecturer: Kelly Zamudio Lectures 7: Sept 10, 2010 Seeing the forest from the trees: phylogenies at work Readings: Textbook chapter 4 & 10 I. Systematics: the study of biological diversity and its evolution II. Taxonomy: the process of biological classification (= categorizing and naming biological diversity) III. Linnaean (Traditional Taxonomic) Classification A. Linnaean Ranks Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom B. The Linnaean method is hierarchical C. The species is the most fundamental unit of biological classification D. How species are named: a. Species are given a Latin binomial that includes the genus name and the b. Sometimes the person originally describing the species is listed following the species name. E. Some conventions everybody should know: a. Genus and species names are italicized b. The genus may be abbreviated: H. sapiens c. The plural of genus is "genera", not "genuses" d. The third word in a trinomial name gives the subspecies (= geographic race)
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UsingTreesHandout - BioG1780 Evolution and Biodiversity...

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