lecture 2 - Logic and Reasoning [2] PHIL 102 24 Aug 2011...

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Unformatted text preview: Logic and Reasoning [2] PHIL 102 24 Aug 2011 sib10@uiuc.edu Office hours: Wed 3-4:50 200A Gregory Hall Critical thinking: The systematic evaluation or formulation of beliefs, or statements, by rational standards. h systematic because it involves distinct procedures and methods h evaluation and formulation used to assess existing beliefs and devise new ones h rational standards beliefs are judged by how well they are supported by reasons Chapter 1: The Power of Critical Thinking 3 Critical thinking: The systematic evaluation or formulation of beliefs, or statements, by rational standards. h systematic because it involves distinct procedures and methods h evaluation and formulation used to assess existing beliefs and devise new ones h rational standards beliefs are judged by how well they are supported by reasons Chapter 1: The Power of Critical Thinking 4 Critical thinking: The systematic evaluation or formulation of beliefs, or statements, by rational standards. h systematic because it involves distinct procedures and methods h evaluation and formulation used to assess existing beliefs and devise new ones h rational standards beliefs are judged by how well they are supported by reasons Chapter 1: The Power of Critical Thinking 5 methods?-Diagramming-Truth-tables Critical thinking: The systematic evaluation or formulation of beliefs, or statements, by rational standards. h systematic because it involves distinct procedures and methods h evaluation and formulation used to assess existing beliefs and devise new ones h rational standards beliefs are judged by how well they are supported by reasons Chapter 1: The Power of Critical Thinking 6 Critical thinking: The systematic evaluation or formulation of beliefs, or statements, by rational standards. h systematic because it involves distinct procedures and methods h evaluation and formulation used to assess existing beliefs and devise new ones h rational standards beliefs are judged by how well they are supported by reasons Chapter 1: The Power of Critical Thinking 7 Patterns:- Ifthen Critical thinking: The systematic evaluation or formulation of beliefs, or statements, by rational standards. h systematic because it involves distinct procedures and methods h evaluation and formulation used to assess existing beliefs and devise new ones h rational standards beliefs are judged by how well they are supported by reasons Chapter 1: The Power of Critical Thinking 8 Critical thinking: The systematic evaluation or formulation of beliefs, or statements, by rational standards. h systematic because it involves distinct procedures and methods h evaluation and formulation used to assess existing beliefs and devise new ones h rational standards beliefs are judged by how well they are supported by reasons Chapter 1: The Power of Critical Thinking 9 Reasons, as opposed to other means- force, rhetorical persuasions, emotions, etc.- force, rhetorical persuasions, emotions, etc....
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lecture 2 - Logic and Reasoning [2] PHIL 102 24 Aug 2011...

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