{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Lecture 17 - Logic and reasoning[17 31 Oct Chapter 9 Part...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Logic and reasoning [17] 31 Oct Chapter 9 Part Four Explanations
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Arguments Explanations Not all arguments are explanations: All males who take birth-control pills fail to get pregnant. Jones takes birth-control pills. Jones fails to get pregnant. Good argument (valid, sound) Bad explanation of Jones’ not getting pregnant 2
Image of page 2
Why care about explanations? that something is the case (…that the earth shakes,…that Mary got pregnant,…that the engine failed to start, etc.) why something is the case explanations understanding of the world (Aristotle: humans want this naturally ; true happiness) 3
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Types of explanations Teleological Interpretive Procedural Theoretical 4
Image of page 4
Types of explanations Teleological ( Telos = Greek word for ‘goal’, ‘purpose’) Why did you go to the store? To buy bread. Why do mammals have a heart? To pump blood. 5
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Types of explanations Interpretive ‘Explain to me the meaning of the word insidious …’ –adjective 1. intended to entrap or beguile: an insidious plan. 2. stealthily treacherous or deceitful: an insidious enemy. 3. operating or proceeding in an inconspicuous or seemingly harmless way but actually with grave effect: an insidious disease. 6
Image of page 6
Types of explanations Procedural Explain to me how to prepare lasagna… 7
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Types of explanations Theoretical Answers to a ‘why-question’ by advancing a theory (= statement(s)), usually of causal nature. Why do heavy objects fall toward the Earth? T1 (Aristotle) : Like all things, they tend to move toward their natural place. T2 (Newton): All objects attract each other through gravitation, but the Earth is very heavy comparatively, so they go toward the Earth (…but the Earth ‘falls’ toward them as well!) 8
Image of page 8
9 NO LECTURE this WEDNESDAY No office hours NOV 2 nd (Friday sections as usual)
Image of page 9

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern