Lecture 17 - Logic and reasoning[17 31 Oct Chapter 9 Part Four Explanations Arguments Explanations Not all arguments are explanations All males who

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Logic and reasoning [17] 31 Oct Chapter 9 Part Four Explanations
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Arguments Explanations Not all arguments are explanations: All males who take birth-control pills fail to get pregnant. Jones takes birth-control pills. Jones fails to get pregnant. Good argument (valid, sound) Bad explanation of Jones’ not getting pregnant 2
Background image of page 2
Why care about explanations? that something is the case (…that the earth shakes,…that Mary got pregnant,…that the engine failed to start, etc.) why something is the case explanations understanding of the world (Aristotle: humans want this naturally ; true happiness) 3
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Types of explanations Teleological Interpretive Procedural Theoretical 4
Background image of page 4
Types of explanations Teleological ( Telos = Greek word for ‘goal’, ‘purpose’) Why did you go to the store? To buy bread. Why do mammals have a heart? To pump blood. 5
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Types of explanations Interpretive ‘Explain to me the meaning of the word insidious …’ –adjective 1. intended to entrap or beguile: an insidious plan. 2. stealthily treacherous or deceitful: an insidious enemy. 3. operating or proceeding in an inconspicuous or seemingly harmless way but actually with grave effect: an insidious disease. 6
Background image of page 6
Types of explanations Procedural Explain to me how to prepare lasagna… 7
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Types of explanations Theoretical Answers to a ‘why-question’ by advancing a theory (= statement(s)), usually of causal nature. Why do heavy objects fall toward the Earth? T1 (Aristotle) : Like all things, they tend to move toward their natural place. T2 (Newton):
Background image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/20/2011 for the course PHIL 102 taught by Professor Rug during the Fall '11 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

Page1 / 28

Lecture 17 - Logic and reasoning[17 31 Oct Chapter 9 Part Four Explanations Arguments Explanations Not all arguments are explanations All males who

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online